THE CONDITION OF NON-BAHA'I RELATIVES AFTER DEATHÂ
M E M O R A N D U M
To: The Universal House of Justice
From: The Research Department
Date: 28 August 1991
The Research Department has studied the questions about the spiritual condition of souls of the non-Baha'i relatives of Baha'is, which were contained in the letter dated 26 July 1991 from Mr.XXXXXXX to the Universal House of Justice. Mr.XXXX cites the following extract from a Tablet revealed by Baha'u'llah and raises a number of issues about its meaning and application:
These blessed words were uttered by the Tongue of Grandeur in the Land of Mystery,1 exalted and glorified is His utterance:
One of the distinguishing characteristics of this most great Dispensation is that the kin of such as have recognized and embraced the truth of this Revelation and have, in the glory of His name, the Sovereign Lord, quaffed the choice, sealed wine from the chalice of the love of the one true God, will, upon their death, if they are outwardly non-believers, be graciously invested with divine forgiveness and partake of the ocean of His mercy.
This bounty, however, will be vouchsafed only to such souls as have inflicted no harm upon Him Who is the Sovereign Truth nor upon His loved ones. Thus hath it been ordained by Him Who is the Lord of the Throne on High and the Ruler of this world and the world to come.
The issues raised by Mr.XXXXX are as follows:
1. Do The Non-Baha'i Parents of Believers Become Baha'is in the Next World?
It is clear from the Writings of Baha'u'llah that the "parents" and "kin" of Baha'is "in the next world", will be the recipients of divine favors and blessings. Baha'u'llah, in one of His Tablets, reveals:
"Thou hast mentioned the station of parents in the next world. One of the special bounties of this Revelation is that whoever accepteth the Dayspring of the Cause, his parents, although they may not have attained the recognition of the Revelation, the splendours of the Sun of divine favor will be vouchsafed unto them. This is one of His bounties bestowed upon His lovers. Render thanks and be of those who are grateful."
While Baha'u'llah clearly affirms that these souls are "invested with divine forgiveness", "partake of the ocean of His mercy" and are the recipients of "the splendours of the Sun of Divine favor", the Research Department has not, however been able to locate any statement in the Writings to suggest that one's non-Baha'i parents, upon their death, automatically become Baha'is. In this regard, it is interesting to note the response, written on behalf of the Guardian, to a believer who asked Shoghi Effendi about (apparently) the same Tablet referred to by Mr.XXXX and who expressed concern about the spiritual condition of his uncle who had met 'Abdu'l-Baha, but failed to accept the Faith. The Guardian's secretary wrote:
With reference to Baha'u'llah's Tablet in which He says that all the relatives of believers will reach the Kingdom in the other world: by this is meant only a partial attainment. They can, however, progress indefinitely, as spiritual progress in the other World is limitless, and is not confined to those who have attained unto the knowledge and recognition of the Cause while still in this world.
Furthermore, Shoghi Effendi appears to suggest that awareness of the Cause in the next world evolves and unfolds. For example, the following extract from a letter dated 17 March 1940 written on behalf of the Guardian to a believer whose father had recently passed away, provides the following statement:
The Guardian...wishes me to hasten to convey to you the expression of his deepest sympathy in this grievous loss which you have come to sustain. He will specially and earnestly pray for his departed soul that in the realms of the spirit beyond it may receive such guidance as would enable it to fully recognize and accept the Faith, and thereby attain abiding peace and happiness. May the Beloved bless his spirit, and richly reward him for all the help and assistance he extended to you in making the...summer School such an attractive and prosperous Baha'i Centre.
2. The Definition of "Kin"
The Research Department has not been able to locate any specific statement in the Writings concerning the definition of "kin" intended by Baha'u'llah in His Tablet. The word in the original Persian Tablet which is translated as "kin" is "muntasibin", which means, literally, "related to", "connected by blood".
We provide for Mr.XXXXX interest the following extract from a letter dated 23 February 1978 written on behalf of the Universal House of Justice to an individual believer concerning the impact of a person's becoming a Baha'i on his or her ancestors and descendants:
In reference to your questions about ancestors and descendants, we have been directed to say that while there are Tablets from Baha'u'llah stating that faith in the Manifestation of God on the part of a believer attracts God's mercy to the souls of the departed parents the House of Justice knows of no text in Baha'i Writings to support the statement that a believer's seven past generations and seven generations to descend from him are blessed when that person becomes a Baha'i. You may also be familiar with the statement of 'Abdu'l-Baha that "it is permitted to ask for advancement, forgiveness, mercy, beneficence, and blessings for a man after his death... Therefore children...must implore pardon and forgiveness for their parents."
(From Some answered Questions pages 268-269).2
3. The Requisite Spiritual State of the Believer
Mr.XXXXX makes reference to the phrase in the Tablet concerning the believers who "have ... quaffed the choice, sealed wine from the chalice of the love of the One True God". He enquires whether only those believers who have attained the spiritual state described in the Tablet are able to obtain the blessings for their "kin", or whether such a bounty is available to all Baha'is. While the Research Department has not been able to find any specific text to suggest that such a bounty is limited, Shoghi Effendi in letters written on his behalf has underlined certain actions which the believers can take to foster the development of their relatives in the next world. For example:
... we can be assured that the true and faithful believer will be in a much better position to intercede for his ancestors, and aid in their development, than if he were not spiritually enlightened.
(12 December 1942 to an individual believer)
The Master has told us that gifts and good deeds done in memory of those who have passed on are most helpful to the development of their souls in the realms beyond.
(10 December 1952 to an individual believer)
Your contribution to the Shrine of the Bab is very deeply appreciated... Your mother and father will both be helped spiritually to a very marked degree by this contribution in their memory, for the Shrine. Parents are glorified by the deeds of their children; and your service and dedication to the Faith will be the means of their spiritual development in the realms beyond.
(24 August 1952 to an individual believer)
4. The Conditions Associated with the Divine Bounty
Mr.XXXXX observes that Baha'u'llah makes the receipt of the divine bounty conditional on the person not having inflicted "harm upon Him Who is the Sovereign Truth nor upon His loved ones". He enquires whether, in this context, the "harm" referred to is only physical harm or whether it includes other forms, such as psychological and economic pressures. The Research Department has not, so far, located any statement in the Writings which interprets this verse and shed light on Mr.XXXXX's question. In reflecting on this issue, however, a number of points bear consideration:
Only God can judge another soul. As individuals, we are not in a position to truly know the spiritual condition of another person nor are we informed of the effort they are making to fight their spiritual battles.
"The progress of the soul does not come to an end with death". Shoghi Effendi in a letter dated 22 May 1935 written on his behalf to an individual believer makes the following statement:
Concerning your question whether a soul can receive knowledge of the Truth in the world beyond: Such a knowledge is surely possible, and it is a sign of the loving mercy of the Almighty. We can, through our prayers, help every soul to gradually attain this high station, even if it has failed to reach it in this world. The progress of the soul does not come to an end with death. It rather starts along a new line. Baha'u'llah teaches that great and far-reaching possibilities await the soul in the other world. Spiritual progress in that realm is infinite, and no man, while on earth, can visualize its full power and extent.
It is possible for a soul, not only to recognize the Truth in the next world, but also to make up for "lost opportunities". Shoghi Effendi in the following letters written on his behalf to individual believers states:
No man can "obtain everlasting life" in the full sense of the term, except through acknowledging the Manifestation of God, in this age, Baha'u'llah. If he doesn't do it in this world he will have a chance to progress in the next one.
(19 March 1946)
He will pray that the Beloved may sustain and comfort you in your great sorrow, and that also He may, in His unfailing and all-merciful love, bless the soul of your departed husband, and enable it to grow and advance spiritually, and attain unto the full recognition of His Revelation. Now that the veil has been lifted, and that his soul has been liberated from the material limitations of this contingent world, may he be guided to a truer and deeper appreciation of this Cause, and make up for his lost opportunities while he was still in this world.
(22 August 1939)
2. (Wilmette: Baha'i Publishing Trust, 1964)